The body of your philosophical essays must further expand on the topic. Lead the reader skillfully in a step by step manner through the subject dissecting and explaining every single aspect.
This debate on the status of the essay has, in turn, stimulated two divergent schools of thought—the Frankfurt School of the mid-20th century, and the French poststructuralists of the late 20th century. Both groups reject Lukács’ HegelianMarxist validation of totality and system, and conceive the modern, philosophical essay more as a fragmentary mode that refuses the ontological priorities of systems and their privileging of the timeless over the historical, and the universal over the particular. Although the two schools continue the essay’s philosophical tradition, they diverge mainly in their respective views of essayistic “fragmentation.” For the German theorists, such as Walter
Leibniz: Philosophical Essays - Hackett Publishing Company
In the 20th century, the philosophical essay has moved further away from ideas of the self, and become more critical and more self-conscious, in so far as it is obsessed with language, discourse, and methodology. The broader intellectual context of the modern essay is no longer that of Montaigne’s times, nor even that of Emerson’s and Nietzsche’s.